We also have Macedonian armour interesting variety of helmets of the period marcvs wearing classic macedonian helmet lethal long spear variation of sun shield macedonian sun shield spiral sun shield Simon Peter

Macedonian soldiers for History Channel 2004

 

ALEXANDER THE GREAT (356-323 BC).

More than any other world conqueror, Alexander III of Macedon, or ancient Macedonia, deserves to be called the Great. Although he died before the age of 33, he conquered almost all the then known world and gave a new direction to history.

Alexander was born in 356 BC at Pella, the capital of Macedon, a kingdom north of Hellas (Greece). Under his father, Philip II, Macedon had become strong and united, the first real nation in European history. Greece was reaching the end of its Golden Age. Art, literature, and philosophy were still flourishing, but the small city-states had refused to unite and were exhausted by wars. Philip admired Greek culture. The Greeks despised the Macedonians as barbarians. (Ironically the feud continues to this day over who is greek and who is not!.)

Alexander was handsome and had the physique of an athlete. He excelled in hunting and loved riding his horse Bucephalus. When Alexander was 13 years old, the Greek philosopher Aristotle came to Macedon to tutor him. Alexander learned to love Homer's 'Iliad'. He also learned something of ethics and politics and the new sciences of botany, zoology, geography, and medicine. His chief interest was military strategy. He learned this from his father, who had reformed the Greek phalanx into a powerful fighting machine.

Philip was bent on the conquest of Persia. First, however, he had to subdue Greece. The decisive battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC brought all the Greek city-states except Sparta under Philip's leadership. Young Alexander commanded the Macedonian left wing at Chaeronea and annihilated the famous Sacred Band of the Thebans.

Two years later, in 336 BC, Philip was murdered. Alexander's mother, Olympias, probably plotted his death. Alexander then came to the throne. In the same year he marched southward to Corinth, where the Greek city-states (except Sparta) swore allegiance to him. Thebes, however, later revolted, and Alexander destroyed the city. He allowed the other city-states to keep their democratic governments.

With Greece secure Alexander prepared to carry out his father's bold plan and invade Persia. Two centuries earlier the mighty Persian Empire had pushed westward to include the Greek cities of Asia Minor--one third of the entire Greek world. In the spring of 334 BC, Alexander crossed the Hellespont (now Dardanelles), the narrow strait between Europe and Asia Minor. He had with him a Greek and Macedonian force of about 30,000 foot soldiers and 5,000 cavalry. The infantry wore armor like the Greek hoplites but carried a Macedonian weapon, the long pike (see above). Alexander himself led the companions, the elite of the cavalry. With the army went geographers, botanists, and other men of science who collected information and specimens for Aristotle. A historian kept records of the march, and surveyors made maps that served as the basis for the geography of Asia for centuries.

In Asia Minor Alexander visited ancient Troy to pay homage to Achilles and other heroes of the 'Iliad'. At the Granicus River, in May, he defeated a large body of Persian cavalry, four times the size of his own. Then he marched southward along the coast, freeing the Greek cities from Persian rule and making them his allies. In the winter he turned inland, to subdue the hill tribes.

According to legend, he was shown a curious knot at Gordium in Asia Minor. An oracle had said the man who untied it would rule Asia. Alexander dramatically cut the Gordian knot with his sword.

Alexander's army and a huge force led by Darius III of Persia met at Issus in October 333 BC. Alexander charged with his cavalry against Darius, who fled. Alexander then marched southward along the coast of Phoenicia to cut off the large Persian navy from all its harbors. Tyre, on an island, held out for seven months until Alexander built a causeway to it and battered down its stone walls.

Late in 332 BC the conqueror reached Egypt. The Egyptians welcomed him as a deliverer from Persian misrule and accepted him as their pharaoh, or king. In Memphis he made sacrifices to Egyptian gods. Near the delta of the Nile River he founded a new city, to be named Alexandria after him . At Ammon, in the Libyan desert, he visited the oracle of the Greek god Zeus, and the priests saluted him as the son of that great god.

Leaving Egypt in the spring of 331 BC, Alexander went in search of Darius. He met him on a wide plain near the village of Gaugamela, or Camel's House, some miles from the town of Arbela. Darius had gathered together all his military strength--chariots with scythes on the wheels, elephants, and a great number of cavalry and foot soldiers. Alexander again led his cavalry straight toward Darius, while his phalanx attacked with long pikes. Darius fled once more, and Alexander won a great and decisive victory in July 331 BC. After the battle he was proclaimed king of Asia. Babylon welcomed the conqueror, and Alexander made sacrifices to the Babylonians' god Marduk. The Persian capital, Susa, also opened its gates. In this city and at Persepolis an immense hoard of royal treasure fell into Alexander's hands. In March (330 BC) he set out to pursue Darius. He found him dying, murdered by one of his attendants.

His men now wanted to return home. Alexander, however, was determined to press on to the eastern limit of the world, which he believed was not far beyond the Indus River. He spent the next three years campaigning in the wild country to the east. There he married a chieftain's daughter, Roxane.

In the early summer of 327 BC Alexander reached India. At the Hydaspes River (now Jhelum) he defeated the army of King Porus whose soldiers were mounted on elephants. Then he pushed farther east.

Alexander's men had now marched 11,000 miles (18,000 kilometers). Soon they refused to go farther, and Alexander reluctantly turned back. He had already ordered a fleet built on the Hydaspes, and he sailed down the Indus to its mouth. Then he led his army overland, across the desert. Many died of hunger and thirst.

Alexander reached Susa in the spring of 324 BC. There he rested with his army. The next spring he went to Babylon. Long marches and many wounds had so lowered his vitality that he was unable to recover from a fever. He died at Babylon on June 13, 323 BC. His body, encased in gold leaf, was later placed in a magnificent tomb at Alexandria, Egypt.


As for the film Alexander by Oliver Stone ....well......... apart from Angelina Jolie's presence ...Sad is the only word that really sums it up. Sad the acting was so sad..... sad the script was so sad... sad the editing was so sad... sad the directing was so sad...just sad... really!

 

 

 

 

Marcvs as Persian marcvs stylish persian shield braided hair

Click HERE to see more of these Film shots

from DECISIVE BATTLES IN HISTORY

 

 

scene from Ancient Warriors

 

 

Night assault offshore...

 

spartan shield with L design kopis hacking weapon thrusting spear fire bronze muslcle cuirass shingled beach rock elbow knee scabbard cliff top usual sky film The Ancient Greeks  ... shown many times over the last 10 years

Spartan camp at Thermopylae

Arion  (Caivs)  takes a well earned break from filming Spartans at Thermopylae for Discovery Channel

300 Film .....

Nice occasional still images... but absolutely nothing to do with Sparta, or the period, or the costume or their Laconic ways!

To say what it lacked would take up to much time...

A teacher remarked to me that he really enjoyed it... but was amazed when I revealed it was so flawed ... "I always thought it was just a myth, a story." he said puzzled?

Hmm......?

One day a really factual account will be made and the comic 300 will be as much remebered as the cartoon of Lord of the Rings was after that real monumental film out of New Zealand hit the screen!

Marcvs

Read 'Gates of Fire' Steven Pressfield

. fire! stars mere mortals!

There was a great storm during the battle that suddenly cleared... cooking pot kopis

 

Troy

 

Trojan Army...

Homer was a Greek poet who told many stories of ancient gods and men. His most famous story was the war between Greece and Troy. The story starts when a baby prince named Paris was born. He was abandoned because his parents, the king and queen of Troy, thought he was born with a bad omen. A group of shepherds found him and took care of him.

Many years later, three goddesses, Athena, Aphrodite, and Hera asked him to tell them who was the prettiest of them all. Athena promised him that if he chose her, she would give him all the wisdom in the world. Aphrodite promised Paris that if she was chosen, she would give him the most beautiful woman in the world. Paris chose Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess of all. Paris went to Greece and saw Helen, the prettiest mortal in Greece. Paris instantly fell in love with Helen and took her back to Troy. The Greeks got angry and wanted Helen back, and gathered a huge fleet. That is what caused the Trojan War... now on DVD starring Brad Pitt.

nOT TO BE MISSED!

Forgetting Homer..... this is a very good film well worth buying on DVD!

I for one certainly preferred it to Gladiator... and yet we were not directly involved with TROY!

As I say though, you must treat it as a film in its own right and not a remake of The Illiad.

BRAD WAS EXCELLENT AS

ACHILLES

'It took me six months to get into this shape! The hardest thing though was giving up smoking... by the way I love the site Marcvs!'

Take no notice of the critics who may say otherwise.... what do the y know anyway!

I would have seen the film a lot earlier it it wasnt for them!!!!!!!!!

But, alas, I too was in love with the Homeric version and had doubts about the film... especially when I heard the Gods had no part in it.

When I was sent the DVD............. I WAS AMAZED IT WAS SO GOOD

Everyone in the film was A1....Sean Bean, Eric Bana, Brendan Gleeson and Peter O'toole were amazing as always.... sorry Orlando but you always shoot that bow on the slant... cant be accurate with it like that! Only people who cant keep the arrow against the bow without leaning it over shoot like that! Still, you picked up that habit in Lord of the Rings and that was the greatest Film of the decade.

Troy was a Giant of a film!

SORRY ROMANS, BUT WE WENT THROUGH THE SCRIPT OF GLADIATOR BEFORE IT WAS MADE ..... AND FOUND THE PLOT A LITTLE WEAK.

Would you openly make an enemy of a new Emperor? Not if you had your head screwed on you would'nt.

ANYWAY RUSSEL CROW WAS MUCH BETTER IN

MASTER AND COMMANDER

One of the best things though about Gladiator was the MUSIC... and that never won an Oscar?... yet best costume did?.... strange? but as the designer said to us at Pinewood Studio 'Its got to look funky'

Guess she was right... she got the Oscar? Not even Ridley Scott got one!

And whilst the music in Troy was in a similar vane, the score is superbly haunting! Couldn't stop playing it....

Remember... this film you will. I do! :-)

.............................................................

 

Marcvs I'm so glad you've learnt to love Troy - but Alexander is clearly not at the top of Santa's list! I'd be interested to hear your views on ROME (BBC/HBO).

 


I only INITIALLY saw 15 minutes of it... that was enough................. they were carrying their shields in their right hands (incorrect) What a waste of viewers money! Surely the public deserve better than this! Unless of course they like gratuitous sex and violence.....? Why was everyones clothes so tatty?

The decline and fall of BBC FANTASTY HISTORICAL SCRIPT WRITERS may have been a MORE REALISTIC TITAL THAN ... ROME

Where wass the great BBC of yesteryear that produced Classic stuff like I CLAVDIVS! On a fraction of their budget.

THE ONLY REAL POSATIVE THING I CAN SAY ABOUT IT......... IS THAT MANY OF THE ARMOURS WERE CORRECT FOR THAT PERIOD... ALSO THE TWO MAIN CHARACTERS FRIENDSHIP DEVELOPED REALLY WELL.

I WAS INTRODUCED TO THE PRODUCER OF ROME IN THE BBC WHITE CITY STUDIOS SHORTLY AFTER IT WAS MADE, AND HE ASKED MY OPINION OF IT. I THINK I UPSET HIM WHEN I SAID IT WAS RUBBISH.

I BELIEVE IN SAYING WHAT I THINK... HE ASKED ME, I TOLD HIM... :-)

OKAY! LATER I WATCHED THE REPEAT ...... AND IT BEGAN TO GROW ON ME ...... PROVIDING WE SEE IT AS A STORY ABOUT TWO SOLDIERS AND NOT REAL HISTORY!

 

WATCH THE FILM {2010} CENTURION, excellent costumes and very fast paced. The IXth LEGION VERSUS THE PICTS BEYOND HADRIAN'S WALL. (made for a fraction of ROME BUDGET):-)

 

 




 

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